Computers: From 30-Ton Behemoths to Lightweight and Multifunctional Devices

Noer Huda By Noer Huda
3 Min Read
Komputer: Perjalanan dari Raksasa Berat 30 Ton hingga Era Ringan dan Multifungsi
Komputer: Perjalanan dari Raksasa Berat 30 Ton hingga Era Ringan dan Multifungsi

jlk – Since their inception, computers have been fundamental in shaping the technological landscape of the world. But how far have they come? And why is this evolution so significant?

According to Live Science, the roots of modern computers can be traced back to the increasing complexity of the United States census.

At that time, there was a need for a tool capable of handling calculations quickly and accurately. Thus, the first computers emerged as a solution to this problem.

However, imagine this: those early computers were gigantic in size, weighing tens of tons, and consuming significant space and power.

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One concrete example from that era is the Eniac. It was a computer used to assist the United States military in analyzing ballistics during World War II.

Eniac, weighing around 30 tons, occupied a space of 1,500 square feet. Hence, building dedicated rooms to accommodate computers was a common practice back then.

Nevertheless, the world kept turning, and technology continued to evolve. Computers, once as massive and heavy as giants, began to shrink, becoming lighter, and, of course, more multifunctional.

A significant milestone in this journey was the birth of the Xerox Alto. It was the first personal computer equipped with a screen and keyboard, providing humans with the ability to type, store, and send documents electronically.

A significant push in the evolution of computers also came from the invention of the transistor. Transistors replaced the vacuum tubes previously used in early computers.

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Their smaller size, energy efficiency, and ability to transmit data faster made transistors a key component in the development of computer technology.

Not only that, rapid advancements in processors, memory, and software also played a crucial role in enhancing the performance and functionality of computers.

Today, computers have become the heart of various activities, ranging from programming to entertainment, from data processing to social media.

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It’s undeniable that computers have become an indispensable part of human life. From education to business, from health to defense, computers have helped realize significant advancements in various sectors of life.

And with the continuous advancement of technology, who knows what else computers could bring in the future? All we can do is watch and wait.

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