Canker Sores: An Irritating Oral Condition, What Causes Them?

Noer Huda By Noer Huda
3 Min Read
Sariawan: Gangguan Mulut yang Meresahkan, Apa Sebabnya?
Sariawan: Gangguan Mulut yang Meresahkan, Apa Sebabnya?

jlk – Canker sores, a common problem affecting many individuals, have garnered attention due to their bothersome effects.

Characterized by white or yellowish sores inside the mouth, such as on the tongue, cheeks, gums, or lips, canker sores often induce sensations of pain, irritation, or itchiness, particularly during eating, drinking, or speaking.

The causes of canker sores can vary from simple to more serious factors. The growth of fungi, particularly Candida albicans, is one factor that can cause canker sores, especially in infants and individuals with weakened immune systems.

Additionally, mouth injuries resulting from various causes such as accidentally biting the tongue or cheek, brushing teeth too vigorously, or wearing braces can also trigger canker sores.

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A weakened immune system due to stress, lack of sleep, fatigue, autoimmune diseases, HIV/AIDS, or chemotherapy also increases the risk of developing canker sores.

Inadequate nutrient intake, such as deficiencies in vitamin B complex, vitamin C, iron, folate, and zinc, can also trigger the onset of canker sores.

Furthermore, allergies to certain foods such as nuts, chocolate, eggs, or spicy, salty, or acidic foods can also be a trigger. Hormonal fluctuations during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause can also contribute to the occurrence of canker sores.

Hereditary factors cannot be overlooked either, as canker sores can be inherited from parents to children, especially if one or both parents frequently experience them.

Although canker sores generally heal on their own within 2-4 weeks, if they interfere with daily activities, treatment may be necessary.

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Applying canker sore ointment or gel, gargling with saltwater or baking soda solution, or taking pain relievers are some remedies that can be tried.

The use of natural remedies such as yogurt, honey, coconut oil, or hydrogen peroxide can also be helpful.

However, if canker sores do not heal after more than 6 weeks, spread throughout the mouth, accompanied by fever, joint pain, or diarrhea, or cause difficulty in eating, drinking, or speaking, immediate medical consultation is advised.

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Prolonged or severe canker sores can be a sign of more serious health problems such as oral cancer, lupus, or Crohn’s disease.

Although canker sores are not dangerous, they can significantly disrupt daily activities. Therefore, prevention is important.

Maintaining oral hygiene, consuming a healthy and nutritious diet, avoiding allergenic or irritating foods, and managing stress are steps that can help prevent the onset of canker sores.

Regular dental check-ups are also important for detecting and preventing further oral health issues.

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